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Articles and Books We Recommend

Click here for resources in German, French, and Spanish



General on Vulnerable Mission

Bernhard, Deborah. ‘Upending Cultural Dependency: Honouring Local Buddhist Traditions as a Principle of Vulnerable Mission in the Buddhist Context’. All Nations Christians College, Ware, Hertfordshire, UK, 2018.

Bosch, David. ‘The Vulnerability of Mission’. Zeitschrift Für Missionswissenschaft Und Religionswissenschaft 76, no. 3 (1992): 201–16.


Harries, Jim. New Foundations for Appreciating Africa: Beyond Religious and Secular Deceptions. Bonn: Verlag für Kultur und Wissenschaft, 2016.


Harries, Jim. ‘Western Theology in Africa: Christian Mission in the Light of the Undermining of Scientific Hegemony’. International Review of Mission 106, no. 2 (2017): 241–60.


Harries, Jim. ‘Magic, Divine Revelation and Translation in Theological Education in the Majority World Today (with a Focus on Africa)’. Missionalia 47, no. 2 (2019): 165–76.




Harries, Jim. ‘Overcoming Invented Ogres: African Traditional Religions and World Religions in African Christian Perspective’. Evangelical Review of Theology 42, no. 2 (2018): 171–84.




Harries, Jim. How Western Anti-Racism Harms Africa and How We Can Do Better. Chichester: Faithbuilders, 2021.



More works on Vulnerable Mission, from shorter articles to books by Jim Harries can be found on his ( as well as on Amazon.



The case for using local resources

Harries, Jim. ‘Resource Use as Hindrance to Sustainable Overseas Development Intervention: A View Focused on Pentecostal Christianity’. Missiology: An International Review 46, no. 3 (July 2018): 251–67.



Maranz, David E. African Friends and Money Matters, Second Edition: Observations from Africa. 2nd ed. Dallas, TX: SIL International, 2016.



The case for using local languages

Harries, Jim. ‘The Great Delusion: Post-Colonial Language Policy for Mission and Development in Africa Reviewed’. Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 29, no. 1 (2012): 44–61.



Harries, Jim. Communication in Mission and Development. Relating to the Church in Africa. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock, 2013.


Harries, Jim. ‘The Glaring Gap, Anthropology, Religion, and Christianity in African Development’. Exchange 42 (2013): 232–51.



Harries, Jim. ‘The Importance of Local Language in Urban Ministry: Why European Languages Are Not Sufficient in African Contexts’. Lausanne Global Analysis 8, no. 2 (March 2019).




Vulnerable Mission in practice

Harries, Jim. African Heartbeat and A Vulnerable Fool. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2019.


Horst, Willis, Ute Paul, and Frank Paul, eds. Mission without Conquest: An Alternative Missionary Practice. Carlisle: Langham Global Library, 2015.


Grohmann, Marcus. ‘A Foolish Proposal? Vulnerability as an Alternative Attempt to Contribute to Decolonisation and Reconciliation in Post-Colonial South Africa’. Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 37, no. 2 (April 2020): 140–59.



Johnson, Jean. We Are Not the Hero: A Missionary’s Guide to Sharing Christ, Not a Culture of Dependency. Sisters, OR: Deep River Books LLC, 2012.


Johnson, Jean, and Darryl Meekins. We Are Not The Hero - The Participant’s Guide. CreateSpace Publishing, 2018.



These books we also find inspiring

Reese, Robert. Roots and Remedies of the Dependency Syndrome in World Missions. Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library, 2010.


Bessenecker, Scott. Overturning Tables: Freeing Missions from the Christian-Industrial Complex. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2014.


Brown, Brené. Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead. Reprint Edition. New York: Avery, 2015.


Resources in languages other than English

Harries, Jim. ‘Die Herausforderungen Durch Ein Monistisches Weltbild Und Die Notwendigkeit Des Gebrauchs von Indigenen Sprachen Und Ressourcen in Afrika’. Evangelische Missiologie 34, no. 1 (2018): 12–28.



Paul, Ute, and Frank Paul. Begleiten Statt Erobern - Missionare Als Gäste Im Nordargentinischen Chaco. Schwarzenfeld: Neufeld Verlag, 2010.


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